Prehistoric cave art appears to be fake... all of it

Cave paintings are painted drawings on cave walls or ceilings, mainly of prehistoric origin, beginning roughly 40,000 years ago in Eurasia. The exact purpose of the Paleolithic cave paintings is not known. Evidence suggests that they were not merely decorations of living areas, since the caves in which they have been found do not have signs of ongoing habitation, and they are often in relatively inaccessible chambers. Some theories hold that cave paintings may have been a form of communication, while other theories ascribe them a religious or ceremonial purpose. The paintings are remarkably similar around the world, commonly depicting impressive animals. Humans mainly appear as images of hands, mostly hand stencils made by blowing pigment on a hand held to the wall.

Cueva de las Manos located Perito Moreno, Argentina.
The art in the cave is between 13,000–9,000 years old.

SantaCruz-CuevaManos.jpg

The earliest known cave paintings are at least 64,000 years old. Represented by three red non-figurative symbols found in the caves of Maltravieso, Ardales and La Pasiega, Spain, these predate the arrival of modern humans to Europe by at least 20,000 years and thus must have been made by Neanderthals.

La Pasiega Cave art. 64,000 years old.
bisonte_caballo_pasiega_ponte_viesgo.jpg

The earliest known cave paintings of animals are at least 35,000 years old and were found in caves in the district of Maros, located in Bantimurung district, South Sulawesi, Indonesia, according to datings announced in 2014. Previously it was believed that the earliest figurative paintings were in Europe, dating back to the Aurignacian period, approximately 30,000 to 32,000 years ago, in the Chauvet Cave in France, and in the Coliboaia Cave in Romania.

Rhinos and Deer: Chauvet Cave.
27,000-32,000 years old.
Deer_Chauvet_Cave.jpg

Rhinos_Chauvet_Cave.jpg

Nearly 340 caves have now been discovered in France and Spain that contain art from prehistoric times. Hundreds of additional caves with "prehistoric art" are located elsewhere throughout the world.

The Beginning
I think we are being lied to again. Our mankind had no clue about this so-called "cave art" until 1879. The story goes like this, "The Altamira cave, now famous for its unique collection of prehistoric art, was well known to local people, but had not been given much attention until in 1868, when it was "discovered" by the hunter Modesto Peres. Sautuola then started exploring the caves in 1875. He did not become aware of the paintings, however, until 1879, when his daughter Maria, nine years old at the time, incidentally noticed that the ceiling was covered by images of bisons. Sautuola, having seen similar images engraved on Paleolithic objects displayed at the World Exposition in Paris the year before, rightly assumed that the paintings might also date from the Stone Age. He therefore engaged an archaeologist from the University of Madrid to help him in his further work."

María and Marcelino de Sautuola
the discoverers of the Altamira paintings
María_Sanz_de_Sautuola-dd.jpg

KD: There was not a single cave art discovered up to 1879 in the world. In 1878 Maria's father Marcelino Sanz de Sautuola visited the third Paris World's Fair, called an Exposition Universelle. There, our friend Marcelino observed "similar images engraved on Paleolithic objects". All over sudden in 1879 his daughter "incidentally noticed that the ceiling was covered by images of bisons" . Coincidentally, those bisons were from the Stone Age. (LOL: Sautuola's daughter later married into the Botín family of Cantabrian bourgeoisie. The current owners of Banco Santander are Sautuola's descendants.)
It's amazing, but Marcelino de Sautuola was the owner of the land where the Altamira cave was found
The Cave of Altamira is renowned for its numerous parietal cave paintings featuring charcoal drawings and polychrome paintings of contemporary local fauna and human hands, created during the Upper Paleolithic. The earliest paintings in the cave were executed around 35,500 years ago.

Professor Juan Vilanova y Piera supported Sautuola's assumptions, and they published their results in 1880, to much public acclaim. But the scientific society was reluctant to accept the presumed antiquity of the paintings.

BUT: It was not until 1902, when several other findings of prehistoric paintings had served to render the hypothesis of the extreme antiquity of the Altamira-paintings less shocking (and forgery less likely), that the scientific society retracted their opposition to the Spaniards.

FUN fact: Altamira was the first European (same goes for all the other regions) cave for which prehistoric origin of the paintings was suggested and promoted.

Chain Reaction
And here comes this miracle of discovery - suddenly caves with prehistoric art started getting discovered all over the world.
Paint vs. Time
All this cave art was doing just fine for tens of thousands of years. Unfortunately, for whatever reason, in the second half of the 20th century, this magic "prehistoric paint" decided to start flaking off, falling off and suffer all types of deterioration. It appears that even such a durable substance as our "prehistoric paint" has its expiration date.

What do scientists say? They blame "toxic" human breath and other natural phenomena.
Some of the caves are closed, and some have nearby facilities where you can enjoy the replicas of the "prehistoric" art.


KD Summary: Up until 1879 this mankind chose not to notice the Cave Art presence for at least 40,000 years in hundreds (if not thousands) of various caves throughout the world.
  • In 1878 Sautuola visited an exhibition where he observed similar images engraved on Paleolithic objects. In 1879 Sautuola miraculously located prehistoric paintings on his property. After 1879 people started finding this "prehistoric" cave art left and right.
  • After the eternity of doing just fine, "prehistoric" cave paintings start to deteriorate in the 20th century. This causes multiple cave closures and other visiting limitations.
  • These days, Sautuola descendents own the Santander bank.
  • Meanwhile our children are being taught: Long before Picasso, ancient artists were making creative works of their own, mixing pigments, crafting beads out of seashells, and painting murals on cave walls. These artistic innovators were probably Neanderthals.
What's your opinion on this?
 
Top