1921 Legion of Honor Museum: San Francisco

Legion of Honor (museum)

Legion of Honor (museum) - Wikipedia

George Adrian Applegarth
George Adrian Applegarth began his professional career as a draughtsman for the architectural firm Wright & Sanders in San Francisco. After studying drawing at the University of California, Berkeley with Bernard Maybeck, Applegarth received his diploma in 1906 from the Ecole des Beaux Arts.
  • Appears the guy did not like having his pictures taken. I only found two, the one below, and this one here.
George Adrian Applegarth.jpg


The Legion of Honor Museum was the gift of Alma de Bretteville Spreckels, wife of the sugar magnate Adolph B. Spreckels. The building is a full-scale replica, by George Applegarth and H. Guillaume, of the French Pavilion at the 1915 Panama–Pacific International Exposition, which in turn was a three-quarter-scale version of the Palais de la Légion d'Honneur also known as the Hôtel de Salm in Paris, by Pierre Rousseau (1782).
  • At the close of the exposition, which was located just a few miles away, the French government granted Spreckels permission to construct a permanent replica of the French Pavilion, but World War I delayed the groundbreaking until 1921.
  • The museum building occupies an elevated site in Lincoln Park in the northwest of the city, with views over the Golden Gate Bridge. Most of the surrounding Lincoln Park Golf Course is on the site of a potter's field called the "Golden Gate Cemetery" that the City had bought in 1867. The cemetery was closed in 1908 and the bodies were relocated to Colma. During seismic retrofitting in the 1990s, however, coffins and skeletal remains were unearthed.
So, here is its 1921 construction, I guess. May be a possible reassembly. To be honest, it does not look like a new building to me, then again, what do I know?

Not sure which one of the below two images should come first. By the way, which one do you think should be above the other?


Legion of Honor museum_4.jpg

An official explanation for the images below is as follows:
  • Between March 1992 and November 1995 - its seventy-first anniversary - the Legion underwent a major renovation that included seismic strengthening, building systems upgrades, restoration of historic architectural features, and an underground expansion that added 35,000 square feet. Visitor services and program facilities increased, without altering the historic façade or adversely affecting the environmental integrity of the site. The architects chosen to accomplish this challenging feat were Edward Larrabee Barnes and Mark Cavagnero.
  • In this 1994 photo, workers from Hansell Phelps Construction are operating 60 feet below the main entrance of the Legion of Honor museum, constructing what is now the lower level exhibit spaces.
Legion of Honor museum_5.jpg

Legion of Honor museum_6.jpg

Some sources and links:

KD: While I find it rather interesting that "replicas" of those Expo buildings resurface here and there, this is not why I started this article. I was wondering if everything looks and sounds legit in reference to this little "renovation".

Specifically wanted to know what the below openings could be.

Legion of Honor museum_8.jpg

Legion of Honor museum_7.jpg
Similar articles
Article starter Title Section Replies Date
KorbenDallas Royal BC Museum: Stone Hammers, Mayan Balls and Metal Pipes Museum Visits 2

Similar articles