King George wins the Revolutionary War

Onijunbei

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The link is the alleged text of the Treaty of Peace signed in Paris 1783. If one reads it one may notice something peculiar : the alleged loser of the war is dictating the terms of peace. Since when can a loser tell the victor what to do?

treaty-of-paris.jpg

Avalon Project - British-American Diplomcay : The Paris Peace Treaty of September 30, 1783

The Definitive Treaty of Peace 1783
In the name of the most holy and undivided Trinity.​
It having pleased the Divine Providence to dispose the hearts of the most serene and most potent Prince George the Third, by the grace of God, king of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, defender of the faith, duke of Brunswick and Lunebourg, arch-treasurer and prince elector of the Holy Roman Empire etc., and of the United States of America, to forget all past misunderstandings and differences that have unhappily interrupted the good correspondence and friendship which they mutually wish to restore, and to establish such a beneficial and satisfactory intercourse , between the two countries upon the ground of reciprocal advantages and mutual convenience as may promote and secure to both perpetual peace and harmony; and having for this desirable end already laid the foundation of peace and reconciliation by the Provisional Articles signed at Paris on the 30th of November 1782, by the commissioners empowered on each part, which articles were agreed to be inserted in and constitute the Treaty of Peace proposed to be concluded between the Crown of Great Britain and the said United States, but which treaty was not to be concluded until terms of peace should be agreed upon between Great Britain and France and his Britannic Majesty should be ready to conclude such treaty accordingly; and the treaty between Great Britain and France having since been concluded, his Britannic Majesty and the United States of America, in order to carry into full effect the Provisional Articles above mentioned, according to the tenor thereof, have constituted and appointed, that is to say his Britannic Majesty on his part, David Hartley, Esqr., member of the Parliament of Great Britain, and the said United States on their part, John Adams, Esqr., late a commissioner of the United States of America at the court of Versailles, late delegate in Congress from the state of Massachusetts, and chief justice of the said state, and minister plenipotentiary of the said United States to their high mightinesses the States General of the United Netherlands; Benjamin Franklin, Esqr., late delegate in Congress from the state of Pennsylvania, president of the convention of the said state, and minister plenipotentiary from the United States of America at the court of Versailles; John Jay, Esqr., late president of Congress and chief justice of the state of New York, and minister plenipotentiary from the said United States at the court of Madrid; to be plenipotentiaries for the concluding and signing the present definitive treaty; who after having reciprocally communicated their respective full powers have agreed upon and confirmed the following articles.
  • Article 1: His Brittanic Majesty acknowledges the said United States, viz., New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia, to be free sovereign and independent states, that he treats with them as such, and for himself, his heirs, and successors, relinquishes all claims to the government, propriety, and territorial rights of the same and every part thereof.
  • Article 2: And that all disputes which might arise in future on the subject of the boundaries of the said United States may be prevented, it is hereby agreed and declared, that the following are and shall be their boundaries, viz.; from the northwest angle of Nova Scotia, viz., that angle which is formed by a line drawn due north from the source of St. Croix River to the highlands; along the said highlands which divide those rivers that empty themselves into the river St. Lawrence, from those which fall into the Atlantic Ocean, to the northwesternmost head of Connecticut River; thence down along the middle of that river to the forty-fifth degree of north latitude; from thence by a line due west on said latitude until it strikes the river Iroquois or Cataraquy; thence along the middle of said river into Lake Ontario; through the middle of said lake until it strikes the communication by water between that lake and Lake Erie; thence along the middle of said communication into Lake Erie, through the middle of said lake until it arrives at the water communication between that lake and Lake Huron; thence along the middle of said water communication into Lake Huron, thence through the middle of said lake to the water communication between that lake and Lake Superior; thence through Lake Superior northward of the Isles Royal and Phelipeaux to the Long Lake; thence through the middle of said Long Lake and the water communication between it and the Lake of the Woods, to the said Lake of the Woods; thence through the said lake to the most northwesternmost point thereof, and from thence on a due west course to the river Mississippi; thence by a line to be drawn along the middle of the said river Mississippi until it shall intersect the northernmost part of the thirty-first degree of north latitude, South, by a line to be drawn due east from the determination of the line last mentioned in the latitude of thirty-one degrees of the equator, to the middle of the river Apalachicola or Catahouche; thence along the middle thereof to its junction with the Flint River, thence straight to the head of Saint Mary's River; and thence down along the middle of Saint Mary's River to the Atlantic Ocean; east, by a line to be drawn along the middle of the river Saint Croix, from its mouth in the Bay of Fundy to its source, and from its source directly north to the aforesaid highlands which divide the rivers that fall into the Atlantic Ocean from those which fall into the river Saint Lawrence; comprehending all islands within twenty leagues of any part of the shores of the United States, and lying between lines to be drawn due east from the points where the aforesaid boundaries between Nova Scotia on the one part and East Florida on the other shall, respectively, touch the Bay of Fundy and the Atlantic Ocean, excepting such islands as now are or heretofore have been within the limits of the said province of Nova Scotia.
  • Article 3: It is agreed that the people of the United States shall continue to enjoy unmolested the right to take fish of every kind on the Grand Bank and on all the other banks of Newfoundland, also in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and at all other places in the sea, where the inhabitants of both countries used at any time heretofore to fish. And also that the inhabitants of the United States shall have liberty to take fish of every kind on such part of the coast of Newfoundland as British fishermen shall use, (but not to dry or cure the same on that island) and also on the coasts, bays and creeks of all other of his Brittanic Majesty's dominions in America; and that the American fishermen shall have liberty to dry and cure fish in any of the unsettled bays, harbors, and creeks of Nova Scotia, Magdalen Islands, and Labrador, so long as the same shall remain unsettled, but so soon as the same or either of them shall be settled, it shall not be lawful for the said fishermen to dry or cure fish at such settlement without a previous agreement for that purpose with the inhabitants, proprietors, or possessors of the ground.
  • Article 4: It is agreed that creditors on either side shall meet with no lawful impediment to the recovery of the full value in sterling money of all bona fide debts heretofore contracted.
  • Article 5: It is agreed that Congress shall earnestly recommend it to the legislatures of the respective states to provide for the restitution of all estates, rights, and properties, which have been confiscated belonging to real British subjects; and also of the estates, rights, and properties of persons resident in districts in the possession on his Majesty's arms and who have not borne arms against the said United States. And that persons of any other decription shall have free liberty to go to any part or parts of any of the thirteen United States and therein to remain twelve months unmolested in their endeavors to obtain the restitution of such of their estates, rights, and properties as may have been confiscated; and that Congress shall also earnestly recommend to the several states a reconsideration and revision of all acts or laws regarding the premises, so as to render the said laws or acts perfectly consistent not only with justice and equity but with that spirit of conciliation which on the return of the blessings of peace should universally prevail. And that Congress shall also earnestly recommend to the several states that the estates, rights, and properties, of such last mentioned persons shall be restored to them, they refunding to any persons who may be now in possession the bona fide price (where any has been given) which such persons may have paid on purchasing any of the said lands, rights, or properties since the confiscation.
    • And it is agreed that all persons who have any interest in confiscated lands, either by debts, marriage settlements, or otherwise, shall meet with no lawful impediment in the prosecution of their just rights.
  • Article 6: That there shall be no future confiscations made nor any prosecutions commenced against any person or persons for, or by reason of, the part which he or they may have taken in the present war, and that no person shall on that account suffer any future loss or damage, either in his person, liberty, or property; and that those who may be in confinement on such charges at the time of the ratification of the treaty in America shall be immediately set at liberty, and the prosecutions so commenced be discontinued.
  • Article 7: There shall be a firm and perpetual peace between his Brittanic Majesty and the said states, and between the subjects of the one and the citizens of the other, wherefore all hostilities both by sea and land shall from henceforth cease. All prisoners on both sides shall be set at liberty, and his Brittanic Majesty shall with all convenient speed, and without causing any destruction, or carrying away any Negroes or other property of the American inhabitants, withdraw all his armies, garrisons, and fleets from the said United States, and from every post, place, and harbor within the same; leaving in all fortifications, the American artilery that may be therein; and shall also order and cause all archives, records, deeds, and papers belonging to any of the said states, or their citizens, which in the course of the war may have fallen into the hands of his officers, to be forthwith restored and delivered to the proper states and persons to whom they belong.
  • Article 8: The navigation of the river Mississippi, from its source to the ocean, shall forever remain free and open to the subjects of Great Britain and the citizens of the United States.
  • Article 9: In case it should so happen that any place or territory belonging to Great Britain or to the United States should have been conquered by the arms of either from the other before the arrival of the said Provisional Articles in America, it is agreed that the same shall be restored without difficulty and without requiring any compensation.
  • Article 10: The solemn ratifications of the present treaty expedited in good and due form shall be exchanged between the contracting parties in the space of six months or sooner, if possible, to be computed from the day of the signatures of the present treaty. In witness whereof we the undersigned, their ministers plenipotentiary, have in their name and in virtue of our full powers, signed with our hands the present definitive treaty and caused the seals of our arms to be affixed thereto.

Done at Paris, this third day of September in the year of our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-three.
D. HARTLEY (SEAL)
JOHN ADAMS (SEAL)
B. FRANKLIN (SEAL)
JOHN JAY (SEAL)

Source:
Treaties and Other International Acts of the United States of America.
Edited by Hunter Miller
Volume 2
Documents 1-40 : 1776-1818
Washington : Government Printing Office, 1931.
 

KorbenDallas

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#3
This "Peace Treaty" definitely raising a few questions to say the least. Thank you @Onijunbei for bringing it to our attention.

Treaty_of_Paris_by_Benjamin_West_1783_3.jpg

revolutionary_war_end_1.png
Painting of the American delegations at the Treaty of Paris. The British delegation refused to pose, and the painting was never completed, 1783–1784.
Interesting, the never completed painting has been completed at some point. The question is why it was never completed (the real version), and why they chose to finish it?

In other words, who was on the painting before it was "never completed"? Any guesses?
Of additional interest: 1783 was quite a year for various treaties and other events.
 

Ice Nine

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#5

anotherlayer

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#6
So, the goof that painted this unfinished work.... he was born in the U.S. in 1738. He was a full on 'true American'. Why wouldn't he just do whatever he wanted, just paint the British idiots in there. They were murdering each other with bayonets, for cryin out loud! God forbid he'd paint them in, surely wouldn't want to offend their honor. And of course, he died in his house in London. On what day, you ask? Oh, March 11. Argh, the numbers!

Sidenote, I enjoy their use of the word 'computed' in Article 10. It's a rarity.
 
OP
OP
Onijunbei
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#7
I wanted to expand on the initial premise but I'm doing this from my phone. I attached files, switched tabs for a minute, and half of the new writing went bye bye. And I had no idea the post would bring out questions of the painting.

The four signers of the Treaty of Peace are all esquires, titles that could have been taken away by any Lord that didn't like the Americans. And they had to practice under British Common Law and Maritime Law. The Colonies were always under contract: The first Virginia Charter of 1606 established the initial contract...

The Avalon Project : The First Charter of Virginia; April 10, 1606

If one reads it the colonies were to be held in perpetuity... forever... by the King his heirs and successors. The word license shows up quite a bit.. The first licensure being awarded to The Virginia Company of London and The Virginia Company of Plymouth. Both were joint stock companies.

Throughout the Revolt the states borrowed 18 million from France. The payment schedule appears in 1782.

The Avalon Project : Contract between the King and the Thirteen United States of North America.

I couldn't find any other repayment schedule.. But I did notice in the above contract the mention of the Netherlands and florins from Holland.

In 1783 we have yet another contract appearing involving the repayment of 6 million to France

The Avalon Project : Contract between the King and the Thirteen United States of North America February 25, 1783

We then see a quasi war with France from 1791-1800. How convenient the death of the French king in 1793. According to memory the United States doesn't pay off its war debts until the 1840s. Who is getting the money?

There is only one player left in the game... The King of Britain.

When the US tried to play dumb in 1812, the King came back, sacked DC, burnt the White House, rummaged through all the court houses and document centers, took what they wanted, and then left. The poor lads in New Orleans didn't know the war was over... but we got a great song out of it. "in 1814 we took a little trip...". Many speculate the war was caused by the original 13th amendment and not rechartering the First Bank of the United States, which most likely was settling the King's debt.

The King made the colonies pay back every schilling he spent on the Revolt.

Liberty, Equality, Fraternity is the main motto we see during the French Revolution. Speculation presumes its ties to Freemasonry. The Sons of Liberty would be a driving force for colonial revolution in America. As a side note, Liberty is permission to leave the ship in the Navy. You have to get "permission" to acquire liberty.

Its peculiar that France doesn't have the funds to protect itself from Revolution because most of its coffers goes to aid the colonies... The colonies do some how have the funds to purchase Louisiana from Napoleon even while paying back its massive debt to Britain. Its peculiar how many of the founding fathers were apart of Masonic lodges. Benjamin Franklin was a triple agent and a member of the Hellfire Club and recent excavations of his home finds the skeletons of many a children. Its peculiar how the monarchs of Europe disappear yet the English one remains.

As a side note, a researcher went to England (I believe the historical records library at Cambridge) to view their copy of the Treaty of Peace.. Some of the punctuation is different showing the King as Arch Treasurer of the United States...

If that doesn't make sense go back over the initial charter of Virginia... The charter that has no end...
 
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#11
This one?

Article 7: There shall be a firm and perpetual peace between his Brittanic Majesty and the said states

And isn't there a conspiracy that King George and George Washington were the same person?
Art. 7 is not standing today.

They were two different men.
People just make up stuff to keep others confused and divided. Just saying...
 
OP
OP
Onijunbei
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#12
Even tho England (King & Parliament) lost the war, there are universal war codes to follow, especially in regard to titled land/property. England was the legitimate land owners of the old English colonies.

Today, only one of those articles are still standing. Can you guess which one?
They didn't lose the war... Because it wasn't a war... It was a revolt under International Law... The aristocracy had no intention of leaving England...it was a contract dispute. Under the initial contract the colonies could coin and print money to facilitate trade. The Currency Act of Parliament in the 1750s put a real damper on the colonists.

There are videos and web sites that are showing how most of the presidents are related to one another and how they are related to British kings..
 
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BStankman

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#14
Liberty, Equality, Fraternity is the main motto we see during the French Revolution. Speculation presumes its ties to Freemasonry. The Sons of Liberty would be a driving force for colonial revolution in America. As a side note, Liberty is permission to leave the ship in the Navy. You have to get "permission" to acquire liberty.

Its peculiar that France doesn't have the funds to protect itself from Revolution because most of its coffers goes to aid the colonies... The colonies do some how have the funds to purchase Louisiana from Napoleon even while paying back its massive debt to Britain. Its peculiar how many of the founding fathers were apart of Masonic lodges. Benjamin Franklin was a triple agent and a member of the Hellfire Club and recent excavations of his home finds the skeletons of many a children. Its peculiar how the monarchs of Europe disappear yet the English one remains.
Yes, the French connection.
Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette - Wikipedia
Was a member of every secret society.

Marquis de Lafayette boat with Hermes One vanity plates.
apr2015_e10_lafayette.jpg

Liberty, Equality, Fraternity is the main motto we see during the French Revolution.

Where we see all kinds of Liberty.

LibertyNew.jpg

And the Artist. Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi - Wikipedia

Bartholdi.jpg

New World order, the aristocracy take turns instead of a monarch. Elected through Democracy.

Greek Demos -the common people; populace - possibly slave.
Declaration_of_the_Rights_of_Man_and_of_the_Citizen_in_1789.jpg
 
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Paracelsus

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#15
The link is the alleged text of the Treaty of Peace signed in Paris 1783. If one reads it one may notice something peculiar : the alleged loser of the war is dictating the terms of peace. Since when can a loser tell the victor what to do?

View attachment 11734
Avalon Project - British-American Diplomcay : The Paris Peace Treaty of September 30, 1783

The Definitive Treaty of Peace 1783
In the name of the most holy and undivided Trinity.​
It having pleased the Divine Providence to dispose the hearts of the most serene and most potent Prince George the Third, by the grace of God, king of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, defender of the faith, duke of Brunswick and Lunebourg, arch-treasurer and prince elector of the Holy Roman Empire etc., and of the United States of America, to forget all past misunderstandings and differences that have unhappily interrupted the good correspondence and friendship which they mutually wish to restore, and to establish such a beneficial and satisfactory intercourse , between the two countries upon the ground of reciprocal advantages and mutual convenience as may promote and secure to both perpetual peace and harmony; and having for this desirable end already laid the foundation of peace and reconciliation by the Provisional Articles signed at Paris on the 30th of November 1782, by the commissioners empowered on each part, which articles were agreed to be inserted in and constitute the Treaty of Peace proposed to be concluded between the Crown of Great Britain and the said United States, but which treaty was not to be concluded until terms of peace should be agreed upon between Great Britain and France and his Britannic Majesty should be ready to conclude such treaty accordingly; and the treaty between Great Britain and France having since been concluded, his Britannic Majesty and the United States of America, in order to carry into full effect the Provisional Articles above mentioned, according to the tenor thereof, have constituted and appointed, that is to say his Britannic Majesty on his part, David Hartley, Esqr., member of the Parliament of Great Britain, and the said United States on their part, John Adams, Esqr., late a commissioner of the United States of America at the court of Versailles, late delegate in Congress from the state of Massachusetts, and chief justice of the said state, and minister plenipotentiary of the said United States to their high mightinesses the States General of the United Netherlands; Benjamin Franklin, Esqr., late delegate in Congress from the state of Pennsylvania, president of the convention of the said state, and minister plenipotentiary from the United States of America at the court of Versailles; John Jay, Esqr., late president of Congress and chief justice of the state of New York, and minister plenipotentiary from the said United States at the court of Madrid; to be plenipotentiaries for the concluding and signing the present definitive treaty; who after having reciprocally communicated their respective full powers have agreed upon and confirmed the following articles.
  • Article 1: His Brittanic Majesty acknowledges the said United States, viz., New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia, to be free sovereign and independent states, that he treats with them as such, and for himself, his heirs, and successors, relinquishes all claims to the government, propriety, and territorial rights of the same and every part thereof.
  • Article 2: And that all disputes which might arise in future on the subject of the boundaries of the said United States may be prevented, it is hereby agreed and declared, that the following are and shall be their boundaries, viz.; from the northwest angle of Nova Scotia, viz., that angle which is formed by a line drawn due north from the source of St. Croix River to the highlands; along the said highlands which divide those rivers that empty themselves into the river St. Lawrence, from those which fall into the Atlantic Ocean, to the northwesternmost head of Connecticut River; thence down along the middle of that river to the forty-fifth degree of north latitude; from thence by a line due west on said latitude until it strikes the river Iroquois or Cataraquy; thence along the middle of said river into Lake Ontario; through the middle of said lake until it strikes the communication by water between that lake and Lake Erie; thence along the middle of said communication into Lake Erie, through the middle of said lake until it arrives at the water communication between that lake and Lake Huron; thence along the middle of said water communication into Lake Huron, thence through the middle of said lake to the water communication between that lake and Lake Superior; thence through Lake Superior northward of the Isles Royal and Phelipeaux to the Long Lake; thence through the middle of said Long Lake and the water communication between it and the Lake of the Woods, to the said Lake of the Woods; thence through the said lake to the most northwesternmost point thereof, and from thence on a due west course to the river Mississippi; thence by a line to be drawn along the middle of the said river Mississippi until it shall intersect the northernmost part of the thirty-first degree of north latitude, South, by a line to be drawn due east from the determination of the line last mentioned in the latitude of thirty-one degrees of the equator, to the middle of the river Apalachicola or Catahouche; thence along the middle thereof to its junction with the Flint River, thence straight to the head of Saint Mary's River; and thence down along the middle of Saint Mary's River to the Atlantic Ocean; east, by a line to be drawn along the middle of the river Saint Croix, from its mouth in the Bay of Fundy to its source, and from its source directly north to the aforesaid highlands which divide the rivers that fall into the Atlantic Ocean from those which fall into the river Saint Lawrence; comprehending all islands within twenty leagues of any part of the shores of the United States, and lying between lines to be drawn due east from the points where the aforesaid boundaries between Nova Scotia on the one part and East Florida on the other shall, respectively, touch the Bay of Fundy and the Atlantic Ocean, excepting such islands as now are or heretofore have been within the limits of the said province of Nova Scotia.
  • Article 3: It is agreed that the people of the United States shall continue to enjoy unmolested the right to take fish of every kind on the Grand Bank and on all the other banks of Newfoundland, also in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and at all other places in the sea, where the inhabitants of both countries used at any time heretofore to fish. And also that the inhabitants of the United States shall have liberty to take fish of every kind on such part of the coast of Newfoundland as British fishermen shall use, (but not to dry or cure the same on that island) and also on the coasts, bays and creeks of all other of his Brittanic Majesty's dominions in America; and that the American fishermen shall have liberty to dry and cure fish in any of the unsettled bays, harbors, and creeks of Nova Scotia, Magdalen Islands, and Labrador, so long as the same shall remain unsettled, but so soon as the same or either of them shall be settled, it shall not be lawful for the said fishermen to dry or cure fish at such settlement without a previous agreement for that purpose with the inhabitants, proprietors, or possessors of the ground.
  • Article 4: It is agreed that creditors on either side shall meet with no lawful impediment to the recovery of the full value in sterling money of all bona fide debts heretofore contracted.
  • Article 5: It is agreed that Congress shall earnestly recommend it to the legislatures of the respective states to provide for the restitution of all estates, rights, and properties, which have been confiscated belonging to real British subjects; and also of the estates, rights, and properties of persons resident in districts in the possession on his Majesty's arms and who have not borne arms against the said United States. And that persons of any other decription shall have free liberty to go to any part or parts of any of the thirteen United States and therein to remain twelve months unmolested in their endeavors to obtain the restitution of such of their estates, rights, and properties as may have been confiscated; and that Congress shall also earnestly recommend to the several states a reconsideration and revision of all acts or laws regarding the premises, so as to render the said laws or acts perfectly consistent not only with justice and equity but with that spirit of conciliation which on the return of the blessings of peace should universally prevail. And that Congress shall also earnestly recommend to the several states that the estates, rights, and properties, of such last mentioned persons shall be restored to them, they refunding to any persons who may be now in possession the bona fide price (where any has been given) which such persons may have paid on purchasing any of the said lands, rights, or properties since the confiscation.
    • And it is agreed that all persons who have any interest in confiscated lands, either by debts, marriage settlements, or otherwise, shall meet with no lawful impediment in the prosecution of their just rights.
  • Article 6: That there shall be no future confiscations made nor any prosecutions commenced against any person or persons for, or by reason of, the part which he or they may have taken in the present war, and that no person shall on that account suffer any future loss or damage, either in his person, liberty, or property; and that those who may be in confinement on such charges at the time of the ratification of the treaty in America shall be immediately set at liberty, and the prosecutions so commenced be discontinued.
  • Article 7: There shall be a firm and perpetual peace between his Brittanic Majesty and the said states, and between the subjects of the one and the citizens of the other, wherefore all hostilities both by sea and land shall from henceforth cease. All prisoners on both sides shall be set at liberty, and his Brittanic Majesty shall with all convenient speed, and without causing any destruction, or carrying away any Negroes or other property of the American inhabitants, withdraw all his armies, garrisons, and fleets from the said United States, and from every post, place, and harbor within the same; leaving in all fortifications, the American artilery that may be therein; and shall also order and cause all archives, records, deeds, and papers belonging to any of the said states, or their citizens, which in the course of the war may have fallen into the hands of his officers, to be forthwith restored and delivered to the proper states and persons to whom they belong.
  • Article 8: The navigation of the river Mississippi, from its source to the ocean, shall forever remain free and open to the subjects of Great Britain and the citizens of the United States.
  • Article 9: In case it should so happen that any place or territory belonging to Great Britain or to the United States should have been conquered by the arms of either from the other before the arrival of the said Provisional Articles in America, it is agreed that the same shall be restored without difficulty and without requiring any compensation.
  • Article 10: The solemn ratifications of the present treaty expedited in good and due form shall be exchanged between the contracting parties in the space of six months or sooner, if possible, to be computed from the day of the signatures of the present treaty. In witness whereof we the undersigned, their ministers plenipotentiary, have in their name and in virtue of our full powers, signed with our hands the present definitive treaty and caused the seals of our arms to be affixed thereto.

Done at Paris, this third day of September in the year of our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-three.
D. HARTLEY (SEAL)
JOHN ADAMS (SEAL)
B. FRANKLIN (SEAL)
JOHN JAY (SEAL)

Source:
Treaties and Other International Acts of the United States of America.
Edited by Hunter Miller
Volume 2
Documents 1-40 : 1776-1818
Washington : Government Printing Office, 1931.
It's all The Law of Commerce and Contracts. Honour and Dishonour.
 

whitewave

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#16
Informative and interesting OP. For those of us who are directionally challenged, I'd like to see an outline map of the borders mentioned in Article 2. Looks like Britain gets half of our Northeastern rivers but without a visual aid I couldn't be sure. Three of our guys and the king with assistant signs an international peace treaty for "all perpetuity"? France is included in that but I don't see any representative from France signing the treaty unless King George speaks for them as well. He IS listed as "King of France" in his titles so I guess he'll do in speaking for all France.

I wouldn't go so far as to say Britain dictated the terms of peace/surrender. At least my reading of the treaty doesn't give that impression but more of a truce/terms of cease fire treaty. They were all countrymen, after all. The Federal Reserve is a British Corporation and I suppose that whoever controls the money/currency of a country controls the country (paraphrasing Alexander Hamilton).

Thanks for bringing this to our attention, OP. Good stuff.
 
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