Civitates Orbis Terrarum.Too much for one pair of eyes

jd755

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Braun and Hogenberg
Civitates orbis terrarum

[JUSTIFY]The first volume of the Civitates Orbis Terrarum was published in Cologne in 1572. The sixth and the final volume appeared in 1617.[/JUSTIFY]
[JUSTIFY]This great city atlas, edited by Georg Braun and largely engraved by Franz Hogenberg, eventually contained 546 prospects, bird-eye views and map views of cities from all over the world. Braun (1541-1622), a cleric of Cologne, was the principal editor of the work, and was greatly assisted in his project by the close, and continued interest of Abraham Ortelius, whose Theatrum Orbis Terrarum of 1570 was, as a systematic and comprehensive collection of maps of uniform style, the first true atlas.[/JUSTIFY]
[JUSTIFY]The Civitates, indeed, was intended as a companion for the Theatrum, as indicated by the similarity in the titles and by contemporary references regarding the complementary nature of two works. Nevertheless, the Civitates was designs to be more popular in approach, no doubt because the novelty of a collection of city plans and views represented a more hazardous commercial undertaking than a world atlas, for which there had been a number of successful precedents. Franz Hogenberg (1535-1590) was the son of a Munich engraves who settled in Malines. He engraved most of the plates for Ortelius's Theatrum and the majority of those in the Civitates, and may have been responsible for originating the project.[/JUSTIFY]
[JUSTIFY]Over a hundred of different artists and cartographers, the most significant of whom was Antwerp artist Georg (Joris) Hoefnagel (1542-1600), engraved the cooper-plates of the Civitates from drawings. He not only contributed most of the original material for the Spanish and Italian towns but also reworked and modified those of other contributors. After Hoefnagel's death his son Jakob continued the work for the Civitates. A large number of Jacob van Deventer (1505-1575), also known as Jacob Roelofszof, unpublished works, plans of towns of the Netherlands were copied, as were Stumpf's woodcuts from the Schweizer Chronik of 1548, and Munster's German views from the 1550 and 1572 editions of his Cosmographia. Another important source for maps was the Danish cartographer Heinrich van Rantzau (1526-1599), beter known under his Latin name Rantzovius, who provided maps of Northern Europe, specially of Danish cities. The Civitates provided a uniquely comprehensive view of urban life at the turn of the sixteenth century. Other sources were the maps of Sebastian Munster from around 1550 and , and of.[/JUSTIFY]
[JUSTIFY]Braun added to the maps figures in local dress. This feature was anticipated in Hans Lautensack's etched view of Nuremberg, 1552, those groups of citizens in the rural foreground add further authenticity to the highly accurate topographical details of what was effectively Germany's cultural capital at that time. Braun's motives for adding figures to the views, however, went further: as stated in his introduction to book 1, he believed, perhaps optimistically, that his plans would not in consequence be scrutinized for military secrets by the Turks, as their religion forbade them from looking on representations of the human form.[/JUSTIFY]
[JUSTIFY]The plans, each accompanies by Braun's printed account of the town's history, situation and commerce, form an armchair traveler's compendium, which the scholar Robert Burton in The Anatomy of Melancholy of 1621 asserted would not only provide instructions but would uplift the spirit as well.[/JUSTIFY]

[JUSTIFY]Civitates orbis terrarum - Braun and Hogenberg[/JUSTIFY]
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Not to mention this one. Eight parts and a panorama.
Russland Russia Sibirien China Kamtschatka Orig Kupferstichkarte d'Anville 1753 Nr. 272643193061 - oldthing: Orte & Landschaften Welt

RUSSIA Troisieme Partie de la Carte d'Asie, contenant La Siberie et quelques autres Parties de la Tartarie Publié sous les Auspices de MonseigneurLouis-Philippe d'Orleans Bordered original copperplate map by Jean-Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville, 1753 engraved by Guillaume de La Haye The third of the famed Asia map of d'Anville with eastern Russia from the Caspian Sea to Kamchatka and northern Japan and from the Arctic Ocean to the Altai large cartouche with putti, polar bears and reindeer sleds below description of the geographical and political division of Siberia into 12 segments on linen, linen -backed sheet size 52 x 111 cm partly spotty
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aden.jpg


Aden
An arab looking dhow top left all the others look european save the one mid left sporting twin pale blue canopy's/tents of some kind.
Ships arrear to being consructed on the beach.
Three large ships, single masted, are tied up together bottom left behind some sort of fortified jetty on a rocky promentary.Two smaller ones are moored nearby. Two are flying green pennant, two with no colour one with red.
All these pennants have some sort of design on them and the colouring is obscuring these designs.(deliberately?)
Of the two and three masted ships some fly flags, a couple fly pennants (one red and green) and others fly noting. The design on the flags is again not discrenible.

People.
On the top of four of the buidings on the tops of the hills, there are what appear to be men creating smoke? somehow from some tube like device. Could they be signalling to each other for some reason?
There are nine figures on the beach, from left to right.
A man carrying something.
A man swinging an axe chopping wood?
Two men working on the ship one swinging a hammer.
Two men in different garb and wearing hats are walking towards the 'ship yard' from the city walls.
To their left are two moe men one carrying a tool of some kind.
Lstly there is a man launching/standing on a small boat right on the shoreline.
On the right of the map where the path leaves the wooden bridge and before it gets to the square tower there are a pair of men in the pointy hats like the two men leaving the city. They are stood with/next to a marker/pole/tool of some kind.


There are three row boats carrying people.
Interestingly there are no people on the ships.

Buildings.
A mixture of islamic? and european/christian? towers/castles/buildings run across most of the 'horion' hills and some adorn the lower hills outside the city walls. There are lots of them.
The city wall is both turreted and crenallated though tis not complete only being 'full' across the beach frontage and back into the hills on the left hand side where at the rear it turns through ninety degrees as if it was to run parallel with the beach wall but just visible is damage as though it has long been in disrepair/dismantled/never finished.
Inside the walls the roofline is a mixture of flat roofs, spires, islamic domes nearly all green save a pair of red domes and the only two pitched roofs to be seen.

I cannot read latin so went to google tranlate which turned this;

aden, arabiae foelicis emporium celeberrimi nominis, quo ex india, aethiopia, et perfide negoriatores conueniunt: vrbs eft magnifica, fitu et ftructra bene munita, aedificiorum nito re atque frequentia celebris, mure et praecelfis lepta montibus, in quorum fummitatibus ardentes faces nauigantibus portum oftendunt. peninfulae formam quondam obtinurit, nunc autem hominum induftria, vndique aquis ambitur

into this;

aden, of Arabia felicity was the emporium of bearing a name illustrious, had been directed by India, Ethiopia, and rogue negoriatores convenient for them: The city is the Majestic, Abefita and ftructra well as fortified, out of the building, an exam in their substance and the frequency of the famous, the mouse and praecelfis lepta the mountains, in whose fummitatibus their blazing torches are sailing with a port of oftendunt . peninfulae form obtinurit once, but now the men's industria, ranging surrounded by waters

Info on the site says
Date: first Latin edition of volume I
was published in 1572
After:
similar to an early 16th-century
Flemish woodcut showing
the Portuguese assault in 1513;
reproduced by H.Yule, Marco Polo
(ed. 3, 1903, vol. II, p.440)
 
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