1687: Venetians Bombarded the Star Fortress of Parthenon in Athens

KorbenDallas

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On 26 September 1687, an Ottoman ammunition dump inside the building was ignited by Venetian bombardment. The resulting explosion severely damaged the Parthenon and its sculptures. From 1800 to 1803, Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin removed some of the surviving sculptures with the alleged permission by the Turks of the Ottoman Empire. These sculptures, now known as the Elgin Marbles or the Parthenon Marbles, were sold in 1816 to the British Museum in London, where they are now displayed. - Wiki
  • During the Ottoman rule in Greece, after the fall of Constantinople in 1453, the Parthenon was converted to a mosque, and the Erechtheion functioned as a harem. In 1683, the Ottoman Empire was advancing in Europe trying to conquer as much land as possible. They tried to take Vienna, but failed. After that, Austria, Poland, the Pope, and Venice, allied with the goal of re-conquering all European lands that the Ottoman Empire occupied.
  • The mercenary army that was assembled for the task (often referred to as the “Venetian” army) under the command of the Venetian Morosini freed Moreas (Peloponnese) and in 1687 landed in Athens. The occupying Ottomans fortified themselves on the Acropolis.
  • During the ensuing siege, the Acropolis was bombarded continuously for eight days, and on September 26, 1687, a Venetian mortar shell hit the Parthenon, that the defending Ottomans were using as a storage magazine for their gunpowder. The explosion blew apart the long sides of the Parthenon, and the ensuing fire that lasted for two days left the building in the skeletal state we see today.
The Parthenon - Construction began in 447 BC when the Athenian Empire was at the peak of its power. It was completed in 438 BC, although decoration of the building continued until 432 BC.

Veduta_del_Castello_d'Acropolis_dalla_parte_di_Tramontana_-_Fanelli_Francesco_-_1695.jpg

September 26, 1687: When the Venetians Bombarded the Parthenon
Parthenon - Wikipedia
KD: Just found it interesting that Parthenon stood for over 2,000 years just to be destroyed by a mercenary army often referred to as the "Venetian" army. Of course, assisted by an "ammunition dump" done by the Ottoman Empire. Not posting here, but the location of the Ottoman Empire places it right about the location of the Tartarie Minor.

Where did the star fortress go?

The_Parthenon_in_Athens.jpg
 
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