19th century: Radium Heating Systems?

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Radium is a chemical element with the symbol Ra (right?) and atomic number 88. Pure radium is silvery-white, but it readily reacts with nitrogen on exposure to air, forming a black surface layer of radium nitride. All isotopes of radium are highly radioactive, with the most stable isotope being...

1899-1901: Boxer Rebellion. What are they hiding?

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The Boxer Rebellion was an anti-imperialist, anti-foreign, and anti-Christian uprising that took place in China between 1899 and 1901, toward the end of the Qing dynasty. It was initiated by the Militia United in Righteousness, known in English as the Boxers because many of their members had...

Ancient City of Helike: when did it get destroyed?

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Helike was an ancient Greek polis that was submerged by a tsunami in the winter of 373 BC. It was located in the regional unit of Achaea, two kilometres (12 stadia) from the Corinthian Gulf and near the city of Boura, which, like Helike, was a member of the Achaean League. Modern research...

Iced Over Canals in Greenland

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The weight of the ice has depressed the central area of Greenland; the bedrock surface is near sea level over most of the interior of Greenland, but mountains occur around the periphery, confining the sheet along its margins. If the ice suddenly disappeared, Greenland would most probably appear...

c. 1750: Agostino Fasolato and The Fall of the Rebel Angels

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The Fall of the Rebel Angels by Agostino Fasolato is a sculpture from the eighteenth-century. It consists of a pyramid of sixty human figures obtained from a unique marble block of Carrara. On the top there is the Archangel Gabriel that, according to the religious tradition, was one of the...

1855: Vortex Cannons during the Bombardment of Sveaborg?

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The Battle of Suomenlinna (also known as the Battle of Viapori or the Bombardment of Sweaborg) was fought on 7-8 August 1855 between Russian defenders and a joint British/French fleet. It was a part of the Crimean War. British and French naval forces consisting of 77 ships arrayed for the...

18th-19th centuries: Bazookas, Rockets, Comets and Destroyed Cities

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What followed was chaos and confusion among the British infantry. Besides killing and wounding a large number of men, the rockets also set fire to the British ammunition dumps, resulting in one of the worst ever defeats of the British Army in India. The British soldiers who had never seen...

1908: National Exposition of Brazil at Rio de Janeiro

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Brazil planned the 1908 National Exposition on Rio de Janiero's Praia Vermelha at a time when hosting a large exposition was a necessary rite of passage for a nation, to prove itself on the international stage. The exposition honoured the centennial anniversary of the opening of Portuguese...

Renaissance Cannons: Mysterious and Misunderstood

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The very first cannons of the Middle Ages were breech loaded, with gunpowder and shot contained in pots dropped at the back of the barrel, but the poor seals made them dangerous, and they wore quickly and could not be scaled to larger weapons. The main advantage of breech-loading is a reduction...

The Staff of Saint Bernardine of Siena

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Bernardino of Siena was an Italian priest and Franciscan missionary. He was a systematizer of Scholastic economics. His popular preaching made him famous during his own lifetime because it was frequently directed against sorcery, gambling, infanticide, witchcraft, sodomy (homosexual coitus)...

San Francisco: 1906 vs. 1909

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The New San Francisco album contains 24 mounted prints taken by Edward N. Sewell in 1909 representing the state of recovery of San Francisco three years after the devastating earthquake and fire of 1906 which destroyed much of the city. The album primarily features scenes of the city's financial...

Leonardo Da Vinci and his micro-brushes

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Apparently, the paintings done by Leonardo da Vinci cannot be faked by no artist of today. No matter how talented the artists of today are, not a single one of them is able to create a painting of the same quality. I am not even talking about making a copy of Mona Lisa here. None of the today's...

1855-59 Australia: University of Sydney, Great Hall Construction

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In 1854, Edmund Thomas Blacket began designing the University’s Great Hall. The original colonial architect, Blacket’s design was intended to mirror the Tudor Gothic style seen in the London Guildhall, the Banqueting House at Hampton Court Palace and Westminster Hall in England. The foundations...

5,000 year old NYC in Israel: Gaser, Gazer, Gezer

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According to the Hebrew Bible, Gezer was one of the great cities fortified by Solomon, in addition to Jerusalem, Megiddo, and Hazor. Its importance was due in part to the strategic position it held at the crossroads of the ancient coastal trade route linking Egypt with Syria, Anatolia and...

White Sands National Monument: who covered 143,733 acres with gypsum?

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White Sands National Monument is a United States national monument located in the state of New Mexico on Route 70 approximately 54 miles (87 km) northeast of Las Cruces and 16 miles (26 km) southwest of Alamogordo in western Otero County and northeastern Doña Ana County. The monument is situated...

Mud Flood in Sardis: archaeologists are silent

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Sardis or Sardes was an ancient city at the location of modern Sart, near the Salihli in Turkey's Manisa Province. Sardis was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Lydia, one of the important cities of the Persian Empire, the seat of a Seleucid Satrap, the seat of a proconsul under the Roman...

Ancient Genetics Factory: The Temple of Artemis

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The Temple of Artemis aka The Temple of Diana was responsible for providing this planet with creatures of various types, including humans. While this specific temple was located in Ephesus, I doubt that it was the only one. As a matter of fact I would be surprised if it was. The below listed...

Willamette Meteorite: why, and what is it?

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The Willamette Meteorite weighs about 32,000 pounds. It is classified as a type III iron meteorite, being composed of over 91% iron and 7.62% nickel, with traces of cobalt and phosphorus. The approximate dimensions of the meteorite are 10 feet tall by 6.5 feet wide by 4.25 feet deep. Most iron...

The Grand Canyon is under 450 years old...?

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Nearly two billion years of Earth's geological history have been exposed as the Colorado River and its tributaries cut their channels through layer after layer of rock while the Colorado Plateau was uplifted. While some aspects about the history of incision of the canyon are debated by...

200 years of Hell: America and the World

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While there does seem to be a cause and effect between the comets and changes in the landscape and possibly causing other issues such as illness, etc. (like the plagues in Egypt), it made me wonder, what has happened in our lifetime that can be contributed to comets. I had no idea that comets...

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